To protect yourself properly and safely, you need to know what bullet-proof waistcoats are and what they can save you from.
Waistcoats are made of different materials, but the main element is a metal plate that can stop a bullet.
What a bullet-proof waistcoat consists of
A bullet-proof waistcoat consists of three main elements:
- The pouch – doesn’t have any protective function, it’s just so you can put it on yourself.
- The pouch – consists of ballistic fabric, which is the first step in protecting the wearer from damage.
- Solid plate or tactical plate – this is the second level of protection. The plate can be metal (steel alloy, titanium), ceramic (made of aluminium oxide, boron carbide or silicon carbide), polyurethane or made of high-modulus protective parts (kevlar).
In addition to the basic and mandatory elements of protection, the body armour has additional elements. They are needed to protect the groin, lower back, shoulders, legs, etc. Various decorative elements or extras (pockets, lacing, etc.) are also possible.
The main purpose of the body armour is to protect against bullets from submachine guns and pistols, as well as grenade fragments and other explosions.
The protective surface area of the body armour shall be a minimum of 18 dm2 and a maximum of 42 dm2. The wearing time varies from 1 hour to 12 hours.
Protection classes of body armour
There are a total of 10 body armour classes: special, 1, 2, 2a, 3, 4, 5, 5a, 6, and 6a.
- Special class protects against cold weapons;
- class 1.2, 2a waistcoats are not in great demand;
- class 2a protects against hunting rifles;
- Class 1 is the lightest of the flak jackets (up to 3 kg) and consists solely of fabric layers without a plate. It is only effective against pistols;
- Class 2 weighs up to 5 kg and has a metal plate in the fabric base that protects against 9mm bullets in the most dangerous places;
- Class 3 weighs between 9 and 11 kg and is made up of a large number of fabric layers and a metal plate. Protects against small arms such as pistols and machine guns. This flak jacket loses the mobility of the fighter.
Class 1 and 2 waistcoats are mainly concealed waistcoats, i.e. they are worn under clothing.
Bulletproof vests of class 4 and above are already more durable plate carrier vest and effectively protect against AK and the like. This is what the police and military use. Bulletproof vests of the 4th class are equipped with a light but durable metal plate made of aluminium or titanium alloys. Sometimes it is replaced with a ceramic-metal plate, thereby increasing the level of protection to class 5-6.
Class 5 body armour provides maximum protection against machine-gun bullets. They can also cope with 62×39 mm bullets up to 8kg from a Kalashnikov assault rifle. To protect against the rare armour-piercing bullet type, class 5a flak jackets are used.
Class 6 bullet-proof waistcoats provide the best protection against injury. Such protection prevents bullets from any automatic rifle, sniper rifle or machine gun. Class 6 bulletproof vests are partially used by police, SBU and military special forces. Such flak jackets consist of modular means complete with reinforced ceramic plates capable of withstanding several direct hits. Class 6 body armour is very heavy, but it is unaffected by sniper rifle fire at a distance of 10 metres.
Also read: Self Defense Knife